"x x x.
Former president Arroyo has been a target of anti-corruption efforts by President Benigno Aquino[BBC profile], and has been in and out of the Veterans Medical Center for treatment of a spine injury. Earlier this month, an anti-graft court ordered her arrest in a corruption case [JURIST report] alleging the misuse of over $8 million in state lottery funds. This was the third controversial corruption case [JURIST op-ed] pending for the former Philippines leader, who made bail in July[JURIST report] after eight months of detention in an army hospital. In April, Arroyo and her husband Jose Miguel pleaded not guilty [JURIST report] to corruption charges before a special anti-graft court in the Philippines. The non-guilty plea came a month after a Philippines court issued an arrest warrant [JURIST report] against Jose on bribery charges. Arroyo faced the same charges in December when the country's authorities filed a second criminal complaint [JURIST report] against her alleging that she approved a $329-million national broadband network deal with the Chinese company in return for millions of dollars in kickbacks in 2008. Arroyo was arrested [JURIST report] in November 2011 on fraud and corruption charges in the hospital before she was able to leave the country to seek medical treatment.
x x x."